In a nutshell, CBD is legal in the UK. There are a certain number of rules and restrictions surrounding the substance, but we will discuss these later.
UK laws changed in 2016 to recognise CBD as a medicine. The main reason for this was due to a number of scientific studies surrounding its use. This legalisation created the gateway for CBD to be legally sold and manufactured for recreational use.
Whilst the use of cannabis oil is still outlawed, any CBD product purchased in the UK is legal if it’s been derived from one of the 63 EU industrial approved hemp strains. If you are wondering why cannabis oil is still illegal, don’t get confused between the two. Cannabis oil is outlawed due to the THC component present which more or less causes the user to get ‘high’.
The majority of CBD oils legally sold in the UK will contain little to no THC (under 0.5%), it will not in any way change the users state of mind. Though it can produce changes in the body and promote medical benefits.
This legal reform has made it possible to conduct experiments and potentially ground-breaking research on CBD in the UK.
When it comes to the sale of CBD, this area is pretty restrictive, and you will require a license to do so. Companies will have to pass strict criteria before they are even given an application to obtain a license. The reason for this is that growing hemp or CBD rich cannabis in the UK is still illegal without an approval from the home office.
CBD Oil Explained
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a substance extracted from cannabis or hemp plants through a distillation process. CBD works by attaching itself to receptors inside the body and interacting with our endocannabinoid system (ECS). This controls everything from mood, appetite, hunger, and even pain.
The miracle oil has a long list of health benefits with some the most popular and well known being reduced stress and anxiety, pain relief, improved quality of sleep, and even promoting weight loss. Some research has gone as far as to say that CBD can even kill cancer, there is however a lack of clinical evidence surrounding these claims. Nevertheless, CBD can be used to mitigate nasty side effects associated with standardised cancer treatment.
When did the UK Law Change?
The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) issued a statement in 2016 classifying CBD as a medicine, and to be used as a medicine it must also be accompanied by a product license. In November 1stof the same year another statement was issued to say that CBD will also be considered as a product to treat or manage the symptoms of medical conditions.
In short, the agency was saying that any company producing or making CBD oil in the UK with any medical claims would need a license to continue doing so. They would also need to adhere to strict regulations and quality controls. The decision acted as a gateway for the sale of CBD as a nutritional or food supplement. As long as no medical claims were made then recreational CBD oil is perfectly legal to buy, posses, and trade within the UK.
The marketplace has been booming ever since.
Current Laws Governing CBD
It remains legal to buy hemp and cannabis derived products in the UK as long as the THC content is less than 0.5 percent. It is however illegal to grow these substance without a license and regardless of any cannabinoid content and permission from the Home Office.
If you wish to sell medical CBD the designation of the license could set your back hundreds of thousands of pounds, or there is the other option to trade as a food or nutritional supplement. Under the 1971 Misuse of Drugs Act CBD is not classified as a controlled drug and despite its small THC content it is also not in the 2016 Psychoactive Substances Act either.
Recreational CBD does still have to adhere to a certain number of rules and regulations. These products must be clearly labelled and cannot in any circumstance be presented or advertised as “preventing, treating, or curing a human disease”.