The results of the Sexual Education Association research from Malmo University explained that the decline in prostitution in the 1990s could not be separated from the lack of use and mastery of technologies such as the internet or cellular.
Now the conditions are different. Internet and cellular access is not difficult to obtain. As a result, prostitution changed in a new form; from transactions on the streets move to devices with the help of the internet.
The law also forces women trapped in dangerous situations because they carry out transactions secretly. Not to mention the public stigma against sex workers is still widespread with the existence of this law. As a result, it is difficult for women to obtain social services to the threat of losing child custody.
While May-Len Skilbrei’s research from the University of Oslo and Charlotte Holms from Malmo University shows that the law actually does not convey a clear message about what and who is involved in the issue of prostitution. The Swedish Prostitution Law is often said to be an effective tool against human trafficking.
According to May-Len and Charlotte, the claim is weak because there is no clear official data. Not limited to the Prostitution Act, in Sweden there is also an Aliens Act that prohibits foreign women from practicing prostitution. In its implementation, this rule is often used as an excuse to deport immigrants and non-Swedes.
Norway is no different from Sweden. Citing the opinion of May-Len and Charlotte, there is a gap between ideology, written policy, and practice in the field regarding the resolution of the problem of prostitution. Sex workers in Norway are being pressured by the authorities to bad views from the community which make them more vulnerable.
A similar situation was experienced by one of Australia’s states. In 1999, Queensland Prime Minister Peter Beattie passed the Prostitution Act which allowed the operation of brothels. From this law, the Prostitution Licensing Authority was also formed, which was tasked with overseeing the activities in it.
However, based on the University of Queensland study, since the Prostitution Act was passed, its implementation has been considered a failure. The University of Queensland report said that only 10 percent of the prostitution industry’s activities in Queensland were regulated.
Professor Andreas Schloenhardt, one of the researchers, said that 90 percent of prostitution in Queensland takes place outside legitimate brothels. Schlenhardt added, the law was effective only to protect sex workers in homes that already had a license.
In Cambodia, prostitution is not legal but its existence is tolerated. Because, people enter the prostitution industry because of economic conditions. To keep women away from prostitution, NGOs and the police turned them over to the garment industry which produces cheap clothing for the American market. However, many women workers returned to the prostitution business due to conditions and salaries in the garment factory that were deemed inadequate.
While in the Dominican Republic, many women choose to go to the coastal tourism area in the north to enter the prostitution business. The reason is that by becoming sex workers they are able to pay school fees and help the family economy.
The story in Germany is different again. In 2001, the German Parliament or Bundestag controlled by the Social Democratic Party coalition passed a prostitution law aimed at improving the conditions of sex workers. Under the law, sex workers can sue for wages and contribute to health insurance programs to pension funds. In short, Germany wants to make prostitution workers equal to other professions. Instead of being ostracized, Germany wanted to invite people to accept prostitution. This is like what happened in France.
Before the law came into force, prostitution in Germany did not break the law but was considered immoral. After the German prostitution law lasted more than 11 years, there were around 3,000 to 3,500 brothels scattered throughout the country. The total workforce alone reaches 200 thousand, of which 65 percent are women from outside Germany (mostly Romania and Bulgaria). It is predicted that German prostitution contributes around 14.5 billion euros a year.
Now prostitution is one of the biggest revenue-contributing sectors, however its controversial status will not end, at least for the next few years. Prostitution is the oldest business and the emergence of sites like escortsaffair.com is how Internet technology bridges between sellers and buyers.